Bac Giang is a mountainous province with potentials of land, mineral resources. In terms of geography, it has not only high moutainous areas but also large midland areas alternating rich delta areas.
1- Geographic position
Bac Giang is located in the latitude from 21007' to 210 37' north; in the longitude from 105053' to 107002' east. It is 50 km far from
2- Terrain characteristic
Bac Giang's territory is made up of two minor areas of mountain and midland which are alternated by deltas. The midland area includes Hiep Hoa district, Viet Yen district and Bac Giang city. The mountainous area includes seven districts: Son Dong, Luc Ngan, Yen The, Tan Yen, Yen Dung, Lang Giang.A part of each (Son Dong, Luc Ngan, Yen The) is highly mountainous
The main characteristic of mountainous region (accounts for 72% of area of Bac Giang province) is intensive division, complication and huge difference of high. There are many areas which are convenient for developing forest. Area of low hill and mountain can be used to plant fruit trees, industrial crops such as: (Thieu) litchi, orange, lemon, sugar apple, persimmon, soybean, tea...and to breed animal husbandry, livestock, and aquaculture.
Midland region (ocupies 28% of Bac Giang area) has mounds and hills alternating deltas, being large or narrow due to it’s location. This region can be used to plant food and foodstuff trees, fruit trees and industrial crops, and to breed animal husbandry, livestock, fish and other aquaculture.
Bac Giang lies in monsoon tropical climate zone of the northeast. There are 4 seasons in one year. The average temperature is 22-23oC, humidity is from 73% to 87%.
Annual rainfall is enough to meet the demand of water for production fields and living life.
Annual average sunlight is from 1,500 to 1,700 hours, convenient for growing tropical trees and subtropical trees.
4- Natural resources
In Bac Giang, there are 382,200ha natural land, in which there are 123,000ha agricultural land, 110,000 hectare forestry land, 66,500ha residential and urban land, specialized land, and the left is other land. In general, Bac Giang owns many favorable conditions to develop industry, agriculture, forestry and aquaculture. The completed new 1A national road will create advantages to develop industry and service. In terms of farmland, it is not only used for intensive farming of rice crops but also favourable for growing vegetable, fruit and bulb trees, all can supply Ha Noi and neighbour provinces.The province has plan to move tens ha farmland from cultivating rice to growing fruit trees, industrial crops and breeding aquaculture. Over 20,000 ha of hilly and moutainous land has not been used, which is strong potential for enterprises and investors to cooperate in developing forest, processing forestry products and raising aquaculture.
Up to the end of 2005, in Bac Giang, there are 129,164 ha of forestry land which has been covered in and 30,000 ha of hilly and moutainous land which can be used to develop forestry. There are about 3,5 million m3 of wood, 500 million trees of bamboo and neohouzeaua. Apart from the function of supplying wood, firewood, medicine, aquatic system, Bac Giang’s forest system also forms beautiful and attractive landscape with many rivers, streams, lakes, dams and varied primeval trees.
Up to the end of 2005, in Bac Giang, there are 63 registered mines with 15 kinds of different minerals such as coal, metal, industrial minerals, building materials. Most of them were evaluated their reserves or defined their estimated potentials.
Although there are not many big mines, there are some kinds of minerals which are important resources of materials to develop provincal industry. For example, coal mines in Yen The, Luc Ngan, Son Dong have reserves of about 114 million tons (including anthracite, lean-coal, peat-coal), in which Dong Ri mine (107.3 million tons) can serve centrally industrial-scale development. In Yen The, Iron ore reserves is estimated about 0.5 million tons. Moreover, there are about 100.000 tons of bronze ore in Luc Ngan, Son Dong, 3 million tons of kaolin in Yen Dung. Clay also has large reserves of 360 million m3 mainly in Viet Yen, Lang Giang, Luc Nam, Yen The and Hiep Hoa, in which 100 m3 are used to made fire-bricks. Gravels and conglomerates are in Hiep Hoa and Luc
In Bac Giang, there are 3 rivers with total length of 347 km, large flow and full water all year round. Additionaly, there are systems of ponds, lakes, marshs and underground waters. Quatity of surface water, rain water and underground water is enough to meet the demand of living life and economic sectors.