History – Culture – Tourist

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Located in former Kinh Bac region, Bac Giang now is residential area for many nationalities living together. Lying in the Northern delta and having been enriched alluvia with  big rivers like Thuong river, Cau river and Luc Nam river, Bac Giang is a conveniently located province. It also  has many high mountains with many precious forest products and a huge midland area which is favourable to grow industrial crops.

In Bac Giang, people earn their life mainly by farming. They set up their villages with differential economic and cultural forms. All their methods of cultivation and animal husbandry, their styles of living, their way of dress, their custom and habit, their thinhking, doing and living etc… themselves formed  Bac Giang’s traditions and cultural characteristics of  it’s villages .

            Throughout thousand years of history, those traditions still have been preserved and displayed. For example, Van Xuyen village (Hoang Van commune – Hiep Hoa district) was called Red village because of their whole village’s participation in revolution; Sat village (Lien Son – Tan Yen) was called resistance village. Also handicraft villages are Tho Ha pottery village, Van Ha alcohol village (Viet Yen); Da Mai rice-vermicelli village (Bac Giang city); Phuc Long, Phuc Tang weaved rattan and bamboo village (Tang Tien – Viet Yen); Duc Thang forged iron village (Hiep Hoa district); Tho Ha “quan họ” village (Van Ha – Viet Yen); Tan Dinh classical drama village (Lang Giang district); Dong Quan “Chèo” village (Dong Son – Yen Dung); Thai Dao “Then” village, etc… Moreover, It also owns wrestling village in Yen The, Hiep Hoa district, labourer village in Yen Dung district. Furthermore, Bac Giang possesses many ethnic minority villages such as Dao village in Dong Lang (Son Dong district); San Chi village in Kien Lao (Luc Ngan); Cao Lan Village in Nghe Man (Luc Son – Luc Nam) etc… The brotherlike nations who live together in these villages  created especial features of their diversified culture.

  

   The historical symbols of the ancient  villages are bamboo ranges, pagodas, communal houses, temples, and temple of literature. These symbols connect closely to belief of tutelary god worship which is base for traditions, customs, habits, festivals and another features of villages. Bac Giang’s temples not only have historical value and typically cultural value but also become Vietnamese village culture symbols such as Lo Hanh temple (Dong Lo – Hiep Hoa)- built in 1576; Tho Ha temple (Van Ha – Viet Yen)- 1686; Phu Lao temple (Dao My – Lang Giang)- 17th century; Ha temple (Tan Trung – Tan Yen); Dong temple (Bich Dong – Viet Yen); Dinh Thep temple (Tam Hiep – Yen The). Moreover,  many pagodas in Bac Giang were recorded in Vietnamese Buddhism history like Duc La Pagoda (also called Vinh Nghiem pagoda in Tri Yen commune, Yen Dung district); Bo Da pagoda (Tien Son – Viet Yen); Kem pagoda (Nham Son - Yen Dung) etc... Specilly, most of villages in Bac Giang have their own pagoda or temple to worship the village’s tutelary God.  

      Village festival has become the particular characteristic of each village and to be held in almost villages. These village festivals have been existing for thousands years with particular rites, contents and forms. However, these festivals mainly aim at  the unity and oneness of mind within the  village community, traditions of cultural-historial education, tradition of fighting against aggressors, traditions of fondness for learning and professional development.

 Due to historical events and social changes in every stage, together with time and natural impacts, villages and festivals were also changed up and down. The villages’ cultural institutions were broken. Cultural contents were also faded. Some temples, pagodas, banian trees and watering-wharfs etc…which formerly were the country’s cultural symbols presently have been losing their solemnness. Many historical-cultural vestiges and beautiful landscapes that were devastated by trespassors have become deserted. Some festivals now remain only in memory.

         From late 80s, together with the party’s and government’s renovation, in former Ha Bac, culture-information department deployed  establishment of cultural village and village convention. In early 1990, Ministry of culture and information held a seminar on cultural village in Ha Bac. From that seminar and practice of over ten-year cultural village establishment in all over nation, we could affirm the exist of village and the vitality of cultural village in new age. The contents of village culture were built basing on all aspects as follows: society culture, thinking culture, art culture, spirit culture. In each aspect, cultural symbols and beauty have become traditional valuable symbols like  bamboo range, banian tree, watering-wharf, lullaby, Quan ho drum sound, Quan ho singing and Then singing were restored. Those cultural-historical vestiges and beautiful landscapes need to be taken care, to be preserved with effort by not only government but also all people. Archaeological vestiges, epitaphs, stories of the gods, folk-stories, legends, proverbs, folk-songs, idioms and old village conventions have been collected, saved and developed.

Ảnh bản vẽ

Bắc Giang địa chỉ tin cậy của các nhà đầu tư (Tiếng Việt)
Mẫu báo cáo của DN

 

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